News Item Text adalah salah satu genre teks dalam bahasa inggris
yang penulisannya bertujuan untuk menginformasikan tentang suatu
kejadian yang secara faktual sedang terjadi, artinya kejadian tersebut
baru saja terjadi atau sudah lama terjadi tetapi masih hangat
dibicarakan. Latar belakang kajiannya yang melulu tentang
“recently-things” membuat News Item lebih dikenal sebagai Teks Berita.
Social Function :
To inform leaders, listeners or viewers about events the day which are
consideren newsworthy or important.
Example of News Item
Malaysian Women Suggested to Carry Condoms
Deputy Health Ministry urged every woman to carry a condom to protect against
HIV, a news report said.“This is not to debate them but to protect them. Women
are the first ones to get exploited by their partners (whom are infected by
HIV-positive)” Abdul Latiff Ahmad was quoted as saying by Sunday Star
Newspaper. “But this just a suggestion, it’s up to them”.
latiff made remark to coincide with the International Aids Memorial day, which
was celebrated openly for the first time in Malaysia, in bid to reduce stigma
for HIV-victim. In the past the event was held behind closed door.
year, 745 Malaysian women were identified as HIV-positive and 193 were
diagnosed with AIDS, he said in the report. Officials have said nearly 81000
Malaysian have been infected with HIV, less then 10 percent are woman, but the
number is steadily rising.
Aids Council president, Adeebah Kamarulzaman, was quoted as saying besides sex
workers, many women who contract HIV are housewives, were infected unknowingly
by their husbands. “It’s not that people don’t know that condoms can protect
them. But there are some men who don’t care to take precaution, even though
they know they have HIV” she said.
Generic Structure :
Newsworthy event(s) : recounts the event in summary from.
Backround events : elaborate what happened, to whom, in what circumstances.
Sources : comments by participants in, witnesses to and authorities expert on
Short, telegraphic information about story captured
Use of Material Processes to retell the events
(in the text bellow, many of the Material Processes are nominalised).
Use of projecting Verbal Processes in sources stage.
Focus on Circumstances (e.g.mostly within qualifiers).