Makassar is the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and the largest city on Sulawesi Island. From 1971 to 1999, the city was named Ujung Pandang, after a pre-colonial fort in the city, and the two names are often used interchangeably. The port city is located at 5°8′S 119°25′E, on the southwest coast of the island of Sulawesi, facing the Makassar strait. Its area is 175.77 km2 and has population of around 1.4 million.

Makassar is home to several prominent landmarks including the 16th century Dutch fort Fort Rotterdam, Trans Studio Makassar the third largest indoor theme park in the world and the Karebosi Link the first underground shopping center in Indonesia.

Makassar has several famous traditional foods. The most famous is Coto Makassar. It is a stew made from the mixture of nuts and spices with beef parts which include beef brain, tongue and intestine. Konro rib dish is also popular traditional food in Makassar. Both Coto Makassar and Konro are usually eaten with Burasa, glutinous rice with coconut milk and sauted coconut granule.

In addition, Makassar is the home of pisang epe, or pressed bananas. These are bananas which are pressed, grilled, and covered with palm sugar sauce and sometimes eaten with Durian. Many street vendors sell pisang epe, especially around the area of Losari beach.
1.      Where is Makassar located?
Answer key: Makassar is located on South Sulawesi.
2.      Based on the text, what is the biggest city on Sulawesi Island?
Answer key: the biggest city on Sulawesi Island is Makassar.
3.      What is the old name of Makassar? 
Answer key: the old name Makassar is Ujung Pandang.
4.      According to the text, what is the first underground shopping center in Indonesia?
Answer key: the first underground shopping center in Indonesia is Karebosi Link.
5.      What is the most well-known food in Makassar?
Answer key: the most well-known food in Makassar is Coto Makassar.

The Houses of the Toraja
The ethnic groups in the mountain regions of southwest and central Sulawesi (Celebes) are known by the name of Toraja, which has come to mean “those who live upstream” or “those who live in the mountains”. Their name is in fact derived from the word Raja, which in Sanskrit means “king”. The society is hierarchically structured: the noblemen are called rengnge, the ordinary people to makaka, and the slaves to kaunan; birth determines which rank a person will occupy.

The distinctive features of the traditional houses (tongkonan) of the Toraja are the “buffalo horns”, the roof design and the rich decoration on the walls. The buffalo is a symbol of status, courage, strength and fighting spirit.

Designed as a representation on the universe, the tongkonan is constructed in three parts: the upper world (the roof), the world of humans (the middle of the building), and the underworld (the space under the floor). The highly distinctive roors constructed by the Toraja given rise to various ingenious interpretations. Certainly the roof is something of deep significance for the Toraja, and even today they build “modern” (in other words houses built with cement) houses with such roofs.

1. What is the text about?
Answer key :The decription of a traditional houses of Toraja

2. “… and even today they bulid modern…” (paragraph 3)
The underlined word refers to…
Answer key :Toraja people

3. What are the ordinary people commonly called?
Answer key :Malaka

4. Which of the following does not symbolize a buffalo?
Answer key :Cowardice

5. Where is Tana TORAJA ?          
Answer key : southwest and central Sulawesi (Celebes)
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