Gandhi was not only a popular figure and hero of India , but also a
world figure who made a large contribution to the struggle for human
rights and anti- violence fighters . Gandhi
appearance is very simple but profound impact of thought and struggle
for Indian independence fighters and inspire non-violence in various
parts of the world . Behind the white cloth , fragile body was stored exceptional strength and charisma . Many times he went to prison , Gandhi continued to fight even leading his people peacefully achieve independence India .
Gandhi 's full name Karachmad Gandhi , was born in Porbandar India
October 2, 1869 and died January 30, 1948 . Gandhi is a graduate of the
Faculty of Law of the University College London and one of the few
Indians who are lucky to have higher education abroad . After becoming a law degree , Gandhi returned to India and opened a practice as pengacaradi Bombay , but with less success . He then went to Durban South Africa to work in the law firm of India . Here he observes pendindasan whites against Indians in Af - Sel. He
then began to plunge fight for civil rights equality regardless of race
and color to many times in jail and physical attacks by people of
European descent in South Africa . He launched a passive resistance and non- cooperative . During the Boer War , Gandhi led an ambulance corps for the British army and Red Cross units . Gandhi returned to India after the demands of the British government granted the citizens of India .
India , Gandhi's struggle for autonomy against the British occupation
of India by applying the concept of Satyagraha ( truth and firmness ) . In 1920 Gandhi led a non cooperative resistance . All
the people of India in various government offices simultaneously
resigned , government offices in the boycott and the kids out of
government schools English . Across the streets filled with people who squat and do not want to wake up even beaten by the police . Gandhi later in the hold , but eventually released due to popular demand is the greater . Gandhi
considers the exploitation and colonization by the British is the root
of all the poverty , squalor and misery of the people of India . To alleviate poverty , Gandhi adhered to the economy, a cottage industry , and rural economic development . He started using a spinning wheel as a symbol of the return of the simple village life and start a genuine industry of India . Total boycott against British goods - even in large - scale done .
Gandhi's life is very simple , devout worship , fasting and meditation . He considered Mahatma ( great soul ) by the people of India . The technique is really difficult struggle the British authorities in India . But
the uprising in India still take place so that he admitted failing to
stop violent resistance and consequently he was arrested again in 1922.
Aside from prison in 1924 , he pioneered the people not to pay taxes and
leading mass demonstrations . As a result, he returned to prison . Gandhi then hunger strike to pressure the British government . The government is very worried because if he dies , there will be a revolution in India .
When World War II broke out , the Congress Party and Gandhi did not support Britain unless India was given full independence . India
's independence was finally agreed terms with a bunch of two
nationalist groups , Muslim groups and the Congress could resolve their
differences . Gandhi initially rejected the separation of India , but finally agreed that peace is possible . Muslim groups were then given independence with the establishment of
the state of Pakistan that since 1947 , Pakistan and India became a
separate state .
Partition of India - Pakistan protests and culminated in the riots . Gandhi continued to urge Hindus and Muslims to live in harmony and peace . When the riots hit Calcutta , he was running fast until the violence stopped . Likewise, when the riots New Delhi , he was fasting for peace . Dated January 30, 1948 , when he would pray , a Hindu fanatic Nathuram Godse - kill - .