—composition is the placement or arrangement of visual
elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject
of a work. It can also be thought of as the organization of the elements of art according to the principles of art.
The term composition means 'putting together,' and can apply to any
work of art, from music to writing to photography, that is arranged or
put together using conscious thought. In the visual arts, composition is
often used interchangeably with various terms such as design, form, visual ordering, or formal structure, depending on the context. In graphic design for press and desktop publishing composition is commonly referred to as page layout.
Elements of design
Main article: Elements of art
The various visual elements, known as elements of design, formal elements, or elements of art,
are the vocabulary with which the visual artist composes. These
elements in the overall design usually relate to each other and to the
whole art work.
The elements of design are:
* Line — the visual path that enables the eye to move within the piece
*Shape — areas defined by edges within the piece, whether geometric or *rganic
*Color — hues with their various values and intensities
*Texture — surface qualities which translate into tactile illusions
*Tone — Shading used to emphasize form
*Form — 3-D length, width, or depth
*Space — the space taken up by (positive) or in between (negative) objects
*Depth — perceived distance from the observer, separated in foreground, background, and optionally middle groundline and shape
Literal lines do not exist in nature, but are the optical phenomena
created when objects curve away from the viewer. Nonetheless, line-like
shapes are for all intents considered line elements by the artist; for
example, telephone and power cables or rigging on boats. Any such
elements can be of dramatic use in the composition of the image.
Additionally, less obvious lines can be created, intentionally or not,
which influence the direction of the viewer's gaze.
Straight lines are called linear when used in a piece of art work.
Straight lines add affection and can make it look more detailed and
challenging. Horizontal, vertical, and angled lines often contribute to
creating different moods of a picture.
Color is characterized by attributes such as hue, brightness, and saturation.
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