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The Borobudur Temple
Borobudur is a Buddhist temple built in the 9th century under the Syailendra
dynasty of java. It is located near Magelang, on the island of Java, Indonesia.
Abandoned in the 11 th century and partially
excavated by archaeologists in the early 20 th
century, Borobudur temple known all over the world.
Influenced by the Gupta architecture of India, the
temple is constructed on a hill 46 m (
150 ft ) high and consists of eightstep like stone terraces, one on top of the
first five terrances are squre and surrounded by walls adorned with
sculpture in base – relief; the upper three are circular, each with a circle of
bell – shaped snipas ( Buddhist shrines).
entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the center of the top circle. The
way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passages and stairways.
design of Borobudur, a temple – mountain symbolizing the structure of the
universe, is similar to the temples built at Angkor, Cambodia.
Borobudur Temple, rededicated as an Indonesian national monument in 1983, is a
valuable treasure for Indonesian people.
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